Danmark



Copenhagen
5,639,565 (2014)
43,094 km2
16,639 mi2
171 m
561 ft
Mollehoj/Ejer Bavnehoj

Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the European Union's Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.
  • temperate
  • humid and overcast
  • mild, windy winters and cool summers

Europe
Northern Europe

Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes several major islands (Sjaelland, Fyn, and Bornholm)

  • controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas
  • about one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen

  • low and flat to gently rolling plains

Mollehoj/Ejer Bavnehoj
171 m
561 ft
Lammefjord
-7 m
-23 ft
Mollehoj/Ejer Bavnehoj Mount Everest
  • petroleum
  • natural gas
  • fish
  • arable land
  • salt
  • limestone
  • chalk
  • stone
  • gravel and sand
Flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes
  • air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions
  • nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea
  • drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides

16,639 mi2
43,094 km2
16,384 mi2
42,434 km2
255 mi2
660 km2
0.14 % 0.1 % 0.42 % 0.17 % 0.24 % 0.56 % 0.31 % 0.01 %
140 km
87 mi
Germany 140 km/87 mi

7,314 km/4,545 mi

14.10 %

56.70 %

61.40 %
  • barley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets
  • pork, dairy products
  • fish
  • iron
  • steel
  • nonferrous metals
  • chemicals
  • food processing
  • machinery and transportation equipment
  • textiles and clothing
  • electronics
  • construction
  • furniture and other wood products
  • shipbuilding and refurbishment
  • windmills
  • pharmaceuticals
  • medical equipment

5,639,565

+0.44%

50.4 %

49.6 %
0-14

17.1 %
15-64

64.4 %
65+

18.5 %

130.87 / km2
338.94 / mi2

87.50%
4,934,732

12%
704,833

78.40 yrs

82.30 år

80.36 år
0.51 % 0.13 % 0.76 % 1.07 % 1.46 % 14.95 % 0.08 %
  • Danish
  • Faroese
  • Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect)
  • German (small minority)
  • Evangelical Lutheran (official) 80%
  • Muslim 4%
  • Other (denominations of less than 1% each; includes Roman Catholic; Jehovah's Witness; Serbian Orthodox Christian; Jewish
  • Baptist; and Buddhist) 16%
  • Scandinavian
  • Inuit
  • Faroese
  • German
  • Turkish
  • Iranian
  • Somali


Danmark


Denmark

Danemark

Dinamarca

Danimarca

デンマーク
Constitutional monarchy



Unicameral People's Assembly or Folketing (179 seats, including 2 representing Greenland and 2 representing the Faroe Islands; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms unless the Folketing is dissolved earlier)

Red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side; the banner is referred to as the Dannebrog (Danish flag) and is one of the oldest national flags in the world; traditions as to the origin of the flag design vary, but the best known is a legend that the banner fell from the sky during an early-13th century battle; caught up by the Danish king before it ever touched the earth, this heavenly talisman inspired the royal army to victory; in actuality, the flag may derive from a crusade banner or ensign
"Der er et yndigt land"
(There is a Lovely Land); "Kong Christian"
(King Christian)
Lion, mute swan
National colors: red, white
Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972)
Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the monarch (born on 26 May 1968)
  • ca. 965
    (unified and Christianized under HARALD I Gormson)
    5 June 1849
    (became a constitutional monarchy)

  • None designated; Constitution Day, 5 June (1849) is generally viewed as the National Day
ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EITI (implementing country), ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, G-9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Copenhagen
55 40 N, 12 35 E
UTC+1

COPENHAGEN 1.268 million

Metropolitan Denmark - 5 regions (regioner, singular - region)
Hovedstaden (Capital), Midtjylland (Central Jutland), Nordjylland (North Jutland), Sjaelland (Zealand), Syddanmark (Southern Denmark)
80 (2013)
Baltic Sea - Aarhus, Copenhagen, Fredericia, Kalundborg; North Sea - Esbjerg,
3.5
beds/1,000 population (2010)
3.49
physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Supreme Court (consists of the court president and 18 judges)
18 years of age
universal

Defense Command
Army Operational Command, Admiral Danish Fleet, Arctic Command, Tactical Air Command, Home Guard (2010)


This thoroughly modern market economy features a high-tech agricultural sector, state-of-the-art industry with world-leading firms in pharmaceuticals, maritime shipping and renewable energy, and a high dependence on foreign trade. Denmark is a member of the European Union (EU); Danish legislation and regulations conform to EU standards on almost all issues. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the Danish economy is characterized by extensive government welfare measures and an equitable distribution of income. Denmark is a net exporter of food and energy and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus, but depends on imports of raw materials for the manufacturing sector. Within the EU, Denmark is among the strongest supporters of trade liberalization. After a long consumption-driven upswing, Denmark's economy began slowing in 2007 with the end of a housing boom. Housing prices dropped markedly in 2008-09 and, following a short respite in 2010, have since continued to decline. Household indebtedness is still relatively high at more than 275% of gross disposable income in the first half of 2013. The global financial crisis has exacerbated this cyclical slowdown through increased borrowing costs and lower export demand, consumer confidence, and investment. Denmark made a modest recovery in 2010, in part because of increased government spending; however, the country experienced a technical recession in late 2010-early 2011 and has been slow to emerge from it in 2012-14 . Historically low levels of unemployment rose sharply with the recession and have remained at about 6% in 2010-13, based on the national measure, about two-thirds average EU unemployment. An impending decline in the ratio of workers to retirees will be a major long-term issue. Denmark maintained a healthy budget surplus for many years up to 2008, but the budget balance swung into deficit in 2009, where it remains. In spite of the deficits, the new coalition government delivered a modest stimulus to the economy in 2012. Despite previously meeting the criteria to join the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), Denmark has negotiated an opt-out with the EU and is not required to adopt the euro.

253,309,004,745.7
$USD
44,916.4
$USD
+1.09
%
machinery and equipment, raw materials and semimanufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods
  • Germany 21.3%
  • Sweden 12.8%
  • Netherlands 8%
  • Norway 6.3%
  • China 6.3%
  • UK 4.9%
machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, pharmaceuticals, furniture, windmills
  • Germany 18.6%
  • Sweden 12.1%
  • UK 8.1%
  • US 6.7%
  • Norway 6.5%
  • Netherlands 4.4%
Danish kroner (DKK) per US dollar
5.6125 (2014 est.)

0.6% (2014 est.)
73,929 km
45,937 mi
2,414 km
1,500 mi
400 km
249 mi
(2010)
34 per 100 people
country code - 45
a series of fiber-optic submarine cables link Denmark with Canada, Faroe Islands, Germany, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden, and UK
125.96 / 100
95.99 / 100
.dk
  • strong public-sector TV presence with state-owned Danmarks Radio operating 4 channels and publicly owned TV2 operating roughly a half dozen channels
  • broadcasts of privately owned stations are available via satellite and cable feed
  • DR operates 4 nationwide FM radio stations, 15 digital audio broadcasting stations, and about 15 web-based radio stations
  • approximately 250 commercial and community radio stations (2007)
AM 1
FM 355
shortwave 0 (1998)
40,377.34 kt
7.25
kt pr. indbygger
11.41
μg/m3
5,410.00
kt CO2 equivalent
7,762.90
kt CO2 equivalent
2
4
18
36
100 %
100 %
3,123
kg of oil equivalent per capita
72 %
6 %

Data kilde: worldbank.com, wikipedia.org, infoplease.com, CIA World Factbook


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